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How Our Treaty Settlement Works

Ngāti Hinerangi Trust is pleased to report that Ngāti Hinerangi Iwi is one massive step closer to reaching a Treaty of Waitangi Settlement with the Crown. 

There are six major steps toward reaching a Treaty of Waitangi settlement and signing an Agreement in Principle (AIP) is step four and this was signed in a special ceremony on December 12, 2015. An AIP signifies that the Crown and the iwi have broadly agreed all redress, which is then confirmed in a Deed of Settlement stage followed by the Settlement Legislation which gives legal effect to the settlement. 

Below you will find information on how our Treaty settlement works, where we're at now and who the major players from a legislative side are but to see what was in our AIP, click here.


Ngāti Hinerangi Iwi and hapū suffered loss of life, land, rivers, moana, maunga and forests. Losses were compounded by loss of traditional resources, wāhi tapu and food gathering sites.

Ngāti Hinerangi left virtually landless in Tauranga Moana and Matamata region.

In 2012, Ngāti Hinerangi Trust was agreed as the vehicle to settle historical and contemporary claims with the Crown.

Ngāti Hinerangi Trust will continue to ensure a successful collaborative approach in negotiations to ensure the best possible outcome for the Iwi.


Ngāti Hinerangi Trust's main priority is to ensure the people of Ngāti Hinerangi gain the best possible Treaty settlement. The aspirations we have for the Iwi include:

•Cultural identity


•Economic base

•Funding for Ngāti Hinerangi

•Land, maunga, rivers

•Historical grievances

The revitalisation of Ngāti Hinerangi

The ultimate goal with this Treaty settlement is to gain a package that will make Ngāti HInerangi Iwi a sustainable entity. Some of the goals we have in mind are listed below:

Restore the mana, pride and identity.

Ngāti Hinerangi to become a leader in its own rohe.

NH human potential and expertise developed to assist growth and development of the Iwi, hapuu, and whānau.

Socio–economic restoration of health and well-being.

Facility Restoration – Marae restoration and upgrading.

Restoration of traditional knowledge systems and tikanga.

Raise the educational, social, cultural and political aspirations.

Develop short term and long term strategic plans for the future development.

Assist with the development of commercial ventures.

Establish a centre of knowledge and learning.

Key elements of an AIP

1.Financial and commercial redress:

Quantum (cash)
Properties which include:
Office of Treaty Settlement Landbank properties.
•The rights of first refusal/Deferred Selection Process over land should it ever be sold.
Ministry of Education Properties such as local schools.
Crown Forest Licensed Land.

2.  Cultural redress: Return of sites of significance, place name changes, relationship redress with local councils, MPs etc, statutory acknowledgements over land such as parks or landmarks, and deeds of recognition letting visitors to a certain area know who Ngāti Hinerangi are and the importance of the Iwi.

Crown Quantum Factors

Below are the factors the Crown takes into consideration when offering the Iwi a monetary figure, also known as the quantum, to be included in the settlement package.

Seriousness of Treaty breaches.

Amount of land lost through Treaty breaches.

Benchmarks set by existing settlements.

Others: population, overlapping claims, special factors.

Special factors

Loss of Matamata lands and resources with no Crown or Tribunal report on Treaty Breaches in Matamata.

Loss of Tauranga Moana harbour, lands and fisheries at Omokoroa, Huharua, Apata, Aongatete, to Rereatukahia through Raupatu and taking of Te Puna Block.

Labelled ‘Unsurrendered Rebels’, lands invaded and Ngati Hinerangi people killed, crops and homes destroyed during Bush campaign; lands then taken by raupatu.

Loss of Wāhi Tapu – whenua, mahinga kai, moana, rongoa, ngahere, awa, maunga, water etc.

Socio-economic deprivation as a result of loss of lands and resources.

•Matamata Land Ballots – 1890 Firth bankrupted, no land from Tauranga  Moana block returned.

•Loss of Iwi identity language and culture.

•Loss of kaumatua and kuia due to health status affected by loss of lands.

•Fractured relationships  with other iwi.


When it comes to property, Iwi will be given a few options should that land not be available. For example, if Ngāti Hinerangi Iwi wanted to have ownership of a particular school as part of the Iwi's settlement package, the iwi may be given options, such as:

Deferred Selection Process (DSPs): Properties to be purchased soon after settlement.

Right of First Refusal (RFR): The post settlement governance entity (PSGE) will have the first right to purchase identified Crown properties if the Crown ceases to use them for their stated purpose (e.g if no longer a school etc.).

Cultural Redress: Some properties may be transferred at no cost.